• In our country, there is a growing shortage of technical employee across all industries, and particularly in the 12 major industries, the shortage of technical personnel is becoming more severe as shown in the table below.
  • As the population decreases, it is predicted that the shortage of technical employee will worsen each year, and urgent measures need to be taken to address this issue.

National Survey of Technical Manpower and Distribution of Shortages by 12 Major Industries (as of 2021)

Source: Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy, 2022 Industrial Technical Manpower Supply and Demand Survey Results

Supply and Demand of 12 Major Industrial Technical Manpower

  • Every year, the demand for skilled manpower in industries is increasing. However, due to a shortage of new entrants, the demand is only being filled at an average rate of 2.2% per year.
  • In particular, the shortage of manpowers in 12 major industries is increasing every year.
Source: Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy, 2022 Industrial Technical Manpower Supply and Demand Survey Results

Shortage of Skilled Manpower in the 12 Major Industries and the Rate of Shortage.

Source: Ministry of Trade, Industry and Energy, 2022 Industrial Technical Manpower Supply and Demand Survey Results
  • The industrial technical manpower has increased in all scales, including small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) and large corporations. Particularly, the growth rate has been most significant in the small and medium-sized sector.
  • The industrial technical manpower in small-scale enterprises increased by 1.8% (19,760 people) compared to the previous year, while medium-sized enterprises increased by 1.4% (1,424 people), and large-scale enterprises increased by 0.6% (2,567 people).
    *The growth rate of the industrial technical manpower by scale (compared to the previous year) is as follows: (small-scale) 1.8% > (medium-sized) 1.4% > (large-scale) 0.6%.
  • Small-scale businesses with fewer than 300 employees account for 66.0% of the total industrial technology manpower.

  • Nationally, there are plans to recruit experienced professionals and new graduates in accordance with the table below in the year 2023. However, due to a shortage of qualified personnel, it is predicted that 2-4% of positions will remain unfilled in each field.

Expected workforce in 2023 for all industries